Joan Miro

  • Event

  • Joan Miró i Ferrà is born on April 20 in Barcelona, Spain; his father is Miquel Miró Adzerias and his mother is Dolors Ferrà.

  • Miró takes drawing lessons at a private school at Carrer del Regomir 13, a medieval mansion.

  • At the age of fourteen, he enrolls in business school while concurrently taking art classes at the Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes.

  • Miró exhibits his first painting at the sixth Exposición Internacional de Arte in Barcelona.

  • He begins his studies with Francesc Galí at the Escola d’Art.

  • Paints Seated Nude Holding a Flower.

  • In February, Miró has his first solo exhibition at the Galeries Dalmau.

  • Miró paints Vines Olive Trees, Tarragona

  • With the help of Josep Dalmau, Miró travels in February to Paris, where he meets Pablo Picasso, Pierre Reverdy, Max Jacob, André Masson, and Tristan Tzara, and begins working in a studio on the rue Blomet.

  • Paints Horse, Pipe, and Red Flower

  • Dalmau organizes Miró’s first solo show in Paris at Galerie La Licorne.

  • He paints The Farm.

  • In February, less than a year after the publication of the First Manifesto of Surrealism, the leader of Surrealism, André Breton, begins purchasing Miró’s work, marking his official entry into the group.

    Miró paints Photo: This is the Color of My Dreams

    Miró exhibits in the First Surrealist Exhibition at the Galerie Pierre, alongside artists like Jean Arp, Max Ernst, Paul Klee, Man Ray, and Picasso

  • Paints Animated Landscape; gradually begins to distance himself from the creative restraints of the Surrealist group and any other “ism” in art.

  • He marries Pilar Juncosa in Palma (Majorca) on 12 October; they have a daughter named María Dolores Miró, who was born on July 17, 1930.

  • Event

  • Miró designs the set, costumes, and props for the Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo’s production of Jeux d’enfants.

  • Produces the work Collage Painting.

  • Miró is commissioned to paint The Reaper (now lost), a mural to adorn the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris Exposition Internationale.

  • The first monograph on the artist is published, authored by Shuzo Takiguchi.

  • Miró’s first major museum retrospective takes place at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

  • Miró and his family escape the war by moving to Palma de Mallorca; during this chaotic period, Miró produced a series of gouaches now known as the Constellations.

  • Produces the bronze sculpture Moonbird

  • He lives in Barcelona and frequently travels to Paris.

  • Miró receives the Grand Prize for Graphic Work at the Venice Biennale.

  • André Breton asks Miró to represent Spain in The Homage to Surrealism exhibition alongside Enrique Tábara, Salvador Dalí, and Eugenio Granell.

  • Miró creates a series of sculptures and ceramics for the garden of the Maeght Foundation in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France.

  • The artist has large retrospective exhibitions in New York and London.

  • Miró has a retrospective in Saint-Paul-de-Vence.

  • He creates a tapestry for the World Trade Center in New York City in collaboration with the Catalan artist Josep Royo; Miró has a grand retrospective in Paris.

  • The Centre d’Estudis d’Art Contemporani, Fundació Joan Miró opens in Barcelona .

  • Miró and Royo finished a tapestry to be exhibited in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC."

  • The Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró opens in Mallorca.

  • Miró dies on December 25.